20 Oct

polon thelissa sri lanka

They are covered with small scales, which are smooth and round. They also eat mice, frogs, small birds and lizards.

This would make them more inclined to look at snakes in a different light and not be ready to kill a snake as soon as one is sighted. Some of the moderately or mildly venomous snakes found in Sri Lanka are: Merrem’s hump-nosed viper Hypnale hypnale (Sinhala: Polon thelissa, Kunakatuwa), Sri Lanka hump-nosed viper, Hypnale nepa (Sinhala: Mukalan kunakatuwa), Green pit viper Trimeresurus trigonocephalus (Sinhala: Pala polanga; Tamil : Pachai viriyan, Kopi virian) Snakes are limbless and they move along the ground by undulating their bodies. Sea snakes feed mainly on fish and fish eggs. When she started vomiting blood and was finding it difficult to breath she was taken to the neurological Intensive Care Unit (ICU) as there was no room at the Medical ICU. Of the 93 species of land and sea snakes in Sri Lanka, five of the land snakes are considered potentially deadly.

Also they are found in India, from almost sea level to an elevation of at least 1,829 m, the Peninsular to Western Ghats as far as 16° north latitude.

The ground dwelling snakes take in a variety of food from the eggs of chickens and other reptiles, rats, other rodents, lizards, skinks and frogs. Though the deaths of humans in conflict with elephants get much publicity in the media, deaths due to snake bite far outstrip this figure.

After sloughing, the snake’s new skin is shiny and bright, and the snake becomes active again. These snakes are found in wet intermediate & some parts of dry zone human habitats & agricultural lands from 30-1500m of Sri Lanka. It is important to re-assure the patient and keep the bitten part immobilized to prevent absorption of venom and reduce the pain. However all sea snakes are venomous. Sea snakes, except one species, spend all their life in the sea and do not come ashore. Sea snakes have their fangs in the front of their mouth like the cobra. Our country has the raw materials, technical expertise and veterinarians. The exception being the sea kraits (Laticauda sp) that come ashore and lay their eggs. They are called cat snakes because of the large eyes that these snakes have. It is the second largest snake in the country and could grow up to 12 feet. The python suffocates its prey by constriction. Health authorities should give their support to accelerate this process,”he said. He said snakes also get attracted to places where there is an increase in the rodent population due to poor garbage disposal. A snake is called Sarapaya in Sinhala and Pambu in Tamil. Bleeding into the brain or other organs may be fatal, he said. Several viper bites had been reported from the area, the Sunday Times learns. In fact only 3 species account for 98% of the human deaths in the country.

They bring forth live young but the embryo obtains nourishment from the mother, in addition to the yolk, snake’s eggs are soft shelled and oval or elliptical.

It also destroys the capillary walls. Never handle Sea snake when caught in a fisherman’s net. Recalling the events of that fateful day on September 12 (Monday), Mr. Dissanayake said, “Usually our front gate is open when I come home.

Most snakes can swim well. Some snakes lay eggs which in turn hatch and bring forth young. The time between each sloughing varies with each species and sometimes between different individuals of the same species. The venom of the Russell’s Viper is haemotoxic. Cat snakes – Mapila in Sinhala and Poonai Pambu in Tamil. Some snakes wait and catch their prey as they come by. He also said some people invariably resort to traditional method of incising the bite, which is not recommended. victims being reported from urban areas,

Pit vipers and pythons, in addition to this organ, have thermal receptors, also known as labial pits, which are on or near their lips, that permit them to detect the body-heat of warm blooded prey in darkness. Agriculturalists have realized that snakes play an important role in controlling agricultural pests.

As I knew it was poisonous I rushed her to the National Hospital.”. Some snakes rub themselves against a rough surface and scrape off their skins. When she complained of a headache she was given paracetamol. Symptoms include bleeding, non-clotting of blood, neurological problems, respiratory problems and renal failure. One acts on the nervous system and is called a neurotoxic venom. Sea Snakes are extremely venomous but due to their shy nature they are not encountered easily and even if they are encountered they swim away. Suddenly she shouted that an insect had bitten her. The end of the tail has a number of small spines. At present the Anti-snake venom serum(AVS) used in Sri Lanka is imported from India.

මුලතිවු ගුරුකන්ද රජමහා විහාරය පුරාවිද්‍යා නටබුන් – Mulativu Gurukanda Rajamaha Viharaya Archaeological Ruins, මුලතිවු සුගන්ධිපුරම් බෞද්ධ පුරාවිද්‍යා නටබුන් – Sugandhipuram Archaeological Ruins in Mulativu, හින්දු කෝවිලකින් යටවූ කුරුවිල්කුලම් බෞද්ධ පුරාවිද්‍යා නටබුන් – Kuruwilkulam Archaeological Site in Mulativu, මැදමහනුවර හුන්නස්ගිරිය කන්ද බලකොටුවේ ණටබුන් – Ruins of the Ancient Fort on Hunnasgiriya Kanda Mountain in Medamahanuwara, මුලතිවු මන්නකණ්ඩාල් කන්නියාර් කෝවිල් බෞද්ධ පුරාවිද්‍යා ස්ථානය – Mannakandal Kanniyar Kovil Archaeological Site in Mulativu, Reports of Japanese Archaeology Team on Wila Oya – Budupatuna, කන්තලේ ශ්‍රී අග්බෝ රජමහා විහාරය පුරාවිද්‍යා භූමිය – Kanthale Sri Agbo Rajamaha Viharaya Archaeological Site, නෙළුම්කුලම රන්කෙත්ගම රජමහා විහාරය පුරාවිද්‍යා භූමිය – Nelumkulama Rankethgama Rajamaha Viharaya Archaeological Site in Vavuniya, තවලම බටහේන අම්බලම – Thawalama Batahena Ambalama, ඔඩ්ඩුසුඩාන් කෙරිඩමඩු පුරාවිද්‍යා ස්ථානය – Keridamadu Archaeological Site in Mulativu, ඔඩ්ඩුසුඩාන් කච්චිලමඩු පුරාවිද්‍යා ස්ථානය – Kachchilamadu Archaeological Site in Mulativu, ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ අවසාන වන්නි පාලක “වන්නි බණ්ඩාර” පරාජයවූ ස්ථානයේ සමරු ඵලකය – Vanni Bandara Memorial Plaque in Oddusuddan, ඔඩ්ඩුසුඩාන් මුතියංකට්ටුව වැව් තාවුල්ලේ නටබුන් – Archaeological Ruins near Muthiyankadduwa Wewa in Oddusuddan, ඔඩ්ඩුසුඩාන් මුතියංකට්ටුකුලම බෞද්ධ නටබුන් – Muthiyankaddukulam Archaeological Ruins in Mulativu, මුලතිවු වනයේ සැඟවුණු වන්නඩි පාළම හා අමුණ – Ancient Vannadi Bridge and Amuna in Mulathivu, මුලතිවුහි සැඟවුණු පුරාණ පෙරාරු අමුණ – Ancient Peraru Amuna in Mulathivu, මන්නාරම පාලම්පිඩ්ඩි මුත්තුමාරි කෝවිල බෞද්ධ නටබුන් – Muththumari Kovil Buddhist Ruins in Palampiddi Mannar, මන්නාරම පාලම්පිඩ්ඩි පිල්ලෙයාර් කෝවිල බෞද්ධ නටබුන් – Palampiddi Pillayar Kovil Buddhist Ruins in Mannar, මන්නාරම විඩිතලතිව් මඩම (අම්බලම) – Vidataltivu Madam (Ambalama) in Mannar, මන්නාරම මූන්රාම්පිඩ්ඩි මඩම (අම්බලම) – Moonrampiddi Madama (Ambalama) in Mannar, A Guide to Reptiles of Sri Lanka (web site). They seem to be nocturnal in that they are found easily at night and also after it has rained. The venom also helps in the digestion of its food. In Sinhala, they are known as Kana ulla and Bimmulla and Manallai Pambu in Tamil. The victim should not be allowed to walk or do anything vigorous as movement quickens the spread of the venom through the blood circulation.

“The bites usually cause bleeding, pain, swelling, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness, drowsiness, visual disturbances, dizziness, faintness, collapse, shock and hypotension,” he said. The reaction of the human body to the poison depends on the strength of the venom of that particular species of snake. A bite from a Cobra or Krait can also cause neurological manifestations such as drooping of eyelids, facial muscle weakness, difficulty in swallowing and drowsiness. They are about a foot and a half long. The Hump-nosed Viper (Hypnale hypnale) in Sinhala (Polon thelissa) and in Tamil (Kuzhi Viriyan) and the Green Pit Viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) in Sinhala (Pala Polonga) and (Kopi Viriyan) in Tamil are thought by some to be very venomous but they are not.

“Manufacturing anti venom for local snake bites is not a difficult task. Their happiness of moving into their new house was short-lived as Chamindani’s life was felled by a saw-scaled viper (Veli Polanga in Sinhala).
* Now widely cultivated in home gardens and plantations for its edible tuberous roots.

This shedding of the skin is called sloughing or snake moult. “The first thing one must be aware of is that even if you are bitten by a venomous snake - it does not mean that you are envenomed - as more than 50 percent of bites are what is known as 'dry bites' and only about 10 percent of them can kill humans. Aspirin or aspirin containing analgesics or alcohol should not be given.

Snakes consume a variety of food depending on their size and their habitats. The venom of the krait being four times more potent than that of the cobra. Mr. Dissanayake (38), Deputy Principal of D.S.Senanayake College, Colombo and former Acting Principal of Ananda College, Colombo met his wife Chamindani(37) Assistant Manager at the State Mortgage Bank head office while they were reading for their degrees in Economics at the Colombo University and they got married in 2007. Remove accessories such as rings and anklets in case swelling occurs.

They have about 3-8 young at a time. Sea snakes are fast swimmers. experts warn that the destruction of snake habitats in the name of development is The victim should be taken to the closest hospital immediately. Most snakes are quite harmless and non aggressive.

Their prey is paralysed by the venom, which they carry.

Only a few species of snakes are venomous and have venom that can kill humans. ... [Kunakatuwua/Polon thelissa] *Binomial name:* *Hypnale hypnale* *Hypnale hypnal... 1 week ago Nature on camera by Asiri. Coral snakes – These snakes have a strong poison but not lethal to humans. Professor of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Ravindra Fernando said the acceptance of Western medical treatment for snake bites has resulted in an increase in the number of snkae bite victims seeking treatment at hospitals. Blind snakes and earth snakes are secretive burrowers with bodies of uniform thickness and blunt heads and tails. The seven venomous snakes found in Sri Lanka are the Russell's Viper (thith polonga), Saw-scaled Viper (weli polonga), Hump-nosed Viper (kuna katuwa or polon thelissa), Cobra (nagaya), Common Krait (thel karawala), Ceylon Krait (magamaruwa) and Green-pit Viper (pala polonga). The deadly snake bite that was largely confined to rural areas is now slowly creeping into urban areas, with residents being stricken ill by the virulent venom or sometimes even succumbing to it. Anslem de Silva, the well known herpetologist says that snakes locate their prey by sight, especially the Green Vine Snake – Ahetulla, as well as via chemical cues that are collected with the aid of their bifid (forked) tongues and carried forward to a special sensory organ located on the roof of the mouth, called the Jacobson’s organ.

The tongue is sheathed at the base and is flicked in and out often. The poison is used to subdue their prey which consists of gekgos, lizards skinks and mice.

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